Pain in the heel happens often in adults, particularly when they tend to be physically active or overweight. The most frequent reason for pain in the heel is a problem known as plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a long ligament on the bottom of the foot which connects the rearfoot to the ball of the foot. Anything that places a large amount of stress on the mid-foot of the feet are likely to overload that long ligament and result in pain. The most frequent reasons for the overload on the arch of the feet are being more physically active, having weight problems and having tight calf muscles.
The symptoms from Plantar fasciitis is pain under the middle of the rearfoot bone under the foot. The classic symptom is that the pain is much more intense when arising from rest, especially getting out of bed first thing each day. The discomfort at this moment can be very disabling, however is generally relieved after several steps to stretch it out. The symptoms gradually gets worse as the day goes on. There are many reasons for heel pain, however this is easily the most common cause. If there are any kind of shooting type of discomfort, then this suggests that there could be a pinched nerve.
The common approach to treating plantar fasciitis is to lessen the load on that long ligament which is causing the pain. This is often conveniently carried out with taping, however it is not always one of the most practical methods other than temporarily. Foot insoles are also very useful early on too. Stretching of the leg muscles is really important. Those that play a great deal of sports activity will probably need to reduce some of their activity levels to allow healing to occur. If these steps don't help there are other options including injection therapy and shockwave therapy. As the pain gets better, it is essential that there is a slow return to full activity levels. A too fast return to full activity may cause the problem to occur again.